Glossar

"Muselmänner"

extremly weakened prisoners

"Stairs of death"

Staircase in the quarry of the Mauthausen concentration camp

„Asocials“

a group of people considered inferior by the Nazis

„Righteous Among the Nations“

An honorary title of the state of Israel

„Wailing Wall’“

Wall near the camp gate of Mauthausen concentration camp

Adjutant

An officer who assists the commander

Armoured division

A large, mobile unit of tanks and armoured vehicles.

Bachmayer, Georg

‘Schutzhaftlagerführer’ in the Mauthausen concentration camp

Barracks

Wooden buildings in the concentration camps that were used for the prisoners

Barrado

Second surname of Manuel García

Block

Name of the prisoners’ accommodation in the concentration camp.

Block 20

‘death block’ used for K prisoners

Camp clerks

Prisoner functionary for administrative tasks

Camp commander

SS commander of the concentration camp

Camp gate

Main gate of the camp

Camp III

A section of the Mauthausen concentration camp

Commandant staff

Leader of the camp SS

Crematorium

Crematoria are used to burn dead bodies.

Crematoriums unit

prisoners who were ordered by the SS to burn the dead in the crematorium ovens.

Dachauer Mauthausen Trials

US military tribunal in the former Dachau camp tried 61 defendants for war crimes at the Mauthausen concentration camp.

Death books

List of prisoners who died in the concentration camp

Death marches

Transport of weakened concentration camp prisoners for days or even weeks

Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke (DEST)

large-scale SS company

Dollfuß, Engelbert

Austrian Chancellor and Dictator

Ebensee

Subcamp of the Mauthausen concentration camp

Execution ground

Place of execution

Gas chamber

A room in which prisoners were killed with poison gas in concentration camps and extermination camps.

Gauleiter

top NS leader in a Gau

Gendarmerie

Rural police in Austria until 2005

Gestapo

Short for 'Geheime Staatspolizei' or 'Secret State Police'.

Grzesiuk

A Polish surname

Gunskirchen

Subcamp of the Mauthausen concentration camp.

Gusen

Subcamp of the Mauthausen concentration camp.

Hartheim

A killing facility in a castle near Alkoven

Helmer, Oskar

Austrian Social Democratic politician

Infirmary

Hospital ward for privileged prisoners

Infirmary camp

Also known as a sick camp

Internment camp

Camp for civilians

Jourhaus

Entrance building to the camp

K prisoners

Soviet officers sent to Mauthauen to be murdered

Kapo

Prisoner functionaries in the concentration camp

Labour detachment

Prisoners with specific work areas

Lazarett

Military hospital

Letters

only allowed under strict conditions

Liberation ceremony

Annual celebration around the anniversary of liberation

Linz III

Sub camp of Mauthausen concentration camp.

Main camp

central camp

Maršálek, Hans

Prisoner functionary and later concentration camp memorial director

Melk

Subcamp of the Mauthausen concentration camp.

Military tribunal

A court composed of military judges

Peggau

Sub camp of Mauthausen concentration camp.

Penal company

Punishment unit for prisoners

Political Department

SS department in the concentration camp

Prisoner doctor

Prisoner providing medical care in the concetrantion camp

Prisoner functionary

Prisoner with special tasks and advantages in the concentration camp

Prisoner number

Each prisoner was given a number upon arrival.

Prisoner uniform

striped clothes

Prisoner's kitchen

Large kitchen in the concentration camp.

Prisoners' Committee

secret organisation of concentration camp prisoners

Reconnaissance squadron

A small military unit

Reichswerke Hermann Göring

A large industrial company established under National Socialism.

Role call

Orderly lining up of the prisoners in the concentration camp

Roma

Ethnic group

Room of Names

A memorial space

SA

Stands for ‘Sturmabteilung’ or ‘storm division’

Sabotage

Making deliberate mistakes in a work process.

Schutzhaftlagerführer

SS head of the prisoners camp within the concentration camp

Selection

Separation of prisoners for murder

Shower

Installation in the concentration camp with different functions

Spatzenegger, Hans

SS head of detachment in the Wiener Graben quarry.

SS

stands for 'Schutzstaffel' or 'protection squad'.

SS Administrative Building

Building for senior SS men

SS area

The area of the concentration camp for the SS

SS sports field

Football field for the SS in the concentration camp

Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG

important German arms corporation

Subcamps

Further concentration camp sites

Tent camp

A section of the Mauthausen concentration camp

Triangle, black

Marking of 'asocial' prisoners

Triangle, red

used for 'Polotical Prisoners'

Tunnel building

Tunnels for underground arms factories

Underground organisation

secretive organization

Viscose fibres

Textile material with fibres made from wood.

Waffen-SS

The military units of the SS after the beginning of the Second World War.

Wehrmacht

Entirety of the armed forces of Nazi Germany

Wiesenthal, Simon

Jewish survivor of several concentration camps

Zellwolle Lenzing

A company for the production of rayon

Ziereis, Franz

Camp commandant of the Mauthausen concentration camp